Subway Systems Across the World

Glamour on the track

Subways not only carry passengers but also inspire them: cities all over the world turn their metro systems into real attractions. Some shimmer futuristic, in Stockholm there is a lily pond – and in Shanghai it resembles a theme park.

Whether it’s Westminster, Piccadilly, or Bond Street, magnets, postcards, or T-shirts with one of London Post’s 270 stop signs are a popular keepsake. And rightly so: it is the oldest subway in the world. In 2013 she is celebrating her 150th birthday. Every day, the tube (English for tube), as the Underground is colloquially called, recorded an average of 3.2 million passengers.

However, only 45 percent of the 402-kilometer routes actually go underground. Especially outside the city center, the trains run on the surface. Only the Victoria Line and the Waterloo & City Line are completely underground. To commemorate the anniversary, the London Transport Museum will be showing an exhibition of advertising posters for the Tube from February onwards under the title “Poster Art 150”.

Munich: Futuristic freedom

The subway of Munich joins with its design stations in the ranks of the worth seeing subways. For example, the Georg-Brauchle-Ring station: The colorful wall design makes waiting for the train an experience. Light, on the other hand, plays cleverly at the stop Candidplatz (both stops on the line of U1). And in the underground station Hasenbergl (U2), a white lenticular ceiling canopy is illuminated by light elements.

Reduced design, clear colors and bright lighting effects make the subway station Westfriedhof a coherent work of art.

Shanghai: subway of superlatives

Shanghai’s metro has not only become the largest metro system in the world. It is also one of the most modern and technically advanced. Here, every subway ride becomes an experience: when the cars whiz from stop to stop through light tubes and spirals, some feel like they are in an amusement park ride. The route network of the Shanghai metro adds up to 420 kilometers and currently consists of eleven lines. By 2020, an expansion to double capacity is planned.

Stockholm: From the Stone Age

The “Tunnelbanan” in Stockholm is a single exhibition. Hundreds of artists of all sorts have embellished 90 of the 100 subway stations with sculptures, light installations, paintings, mosaics, engravings, reliefs, grottos, green gardens, lily ponds and caves in such a way that nothing pushes you up into the sunlight. Many of the stations blown up into the rock were left in their natural state and painted in bright colors. No wonder that many passengers feel transported back to the Stone Age.

Lisbon: works by Hundertwasser and Calatrava

Lisbon’s subway riders embark on a journey through contemporary art. Almost the entire artistic elite of the country, but also international stars have transformed the underground into a sight with sculptures, murals and works of art made of tiles. The imposing building was designed by star architect Santiago Calatrava.

Vienna: Art Nouveau gates lead into the underworld

Not only above ground, has Vienna shined with spectacularly beautiful architecture. Even the subways in Austria’s capital are real sights – at least their entrances. They are remnants of the built in the years 1893 to 1901 by the great Art Nouveau architect Otto Wagner light rail, which is integrated into today’s U- and S-Bahn network.

Naples: Underground Art Gallery

In Naples, Italy, the passengers of the Metropolitan in Napoli are told to open their eyes. Some stations have been designed as Metro Museums. The tunnels below the city show contemporary works by 26 Italian artists.

Moscow: Baroque splendor with chandeliers

Many call the Moscow metro the most beautiful in the world. It was opened in 1935 and has 185 stations. Some of them present themselves to the passengers as architectural works of art, with marble and granite, mosaics and sculptures. Nobility palaces were plundered under Stalin by the Bolsheviks to equip the “Moskovsky Metropolitans”. So the subterranean station Komsomolskaya comes along like a Baroque castle, with mosaics on the walls and chandeliers from the ceilings. Nine million people are being brought underground from Moscow to An every day in Moscow.

 

 

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Types of Engines

Rail travel was essentially the primary means of transportation in the nineteenth century. The train framework associated the East and the West, offering the most advantageous and fastest means to travel. Rail travel features a rich history, a scenario that can be seen from various railways.The train framework has developed and created throughout the years. Basically, everything does, or rather should. The utilization of rail in transportation has returned from way in time, dating to the fifteenth century. Employments of the railway dates back to the time that minerals were excavated from caves to the surface as well as transport the mine workers back and forward from the mines.

They take after carts and wagons arranged by machines with wheels, their major advantage being a guided path and so little plausibility of deviation, in this way meaning more straightforward handling. Notwithstanding, the regular train we utilize today dates back to the eighteenth century. There has been advancement from that point on with the major qualification being the fuel devoured.
The steam engine
While the carts on railways relied upon human exertion and gradient to move, the principal fuel acquainted for trains utilized steam with control the engine. Coal was utilized as a part of the train’s engine to heat the water. The water at that point transforms into steams, which according to material science carries more weight and vitality. This steam was then coordinated to levers, which would now facilitate the train to move. The coal was constantly fanned to facilitate constant generation of steam. For the train to quit, fanning had to stop, and for the train to start again, fanning had to start again. They are never again being used. In any case, you can have the capacity to discover steam engines to give you that brilliant old feel of traveling via trains two centuries ago.
The Diesel engine
With the acquaintance of diesel with make the train move, a couple of individuals who were coal fanners apparently lost their occupations. Better late than never, they were getting excessively worn out. Diesel was a great presentation, making the starting of the engine less difficult. To begin with engine was a diesel driven mechanical engine yet later came the electric engine however determined by diesel. This was a fore-shadow of the new age to come. These sorts of trains are as yet available and work accordingly, yet they will soon fade away, similarly as the steam ones did
The Electric engine
What’s to come is here. Electricity is rapidly coming up to fuel trains to running. It is the technological age! And as easy as finding and booking cheap rail tickets online will electric trains take over. You can never prevent innovation from taking its course. One major advantage of electric trains is that they are super-fast. These you can discover in created urban areas and even the best urban communities on the planet. Electric trains are the way to go.
Train transport frequently makes stops at major landmarks and destinations on the way to the final stop. Those passengers who have in their ownership a ticket pass can disembark and embark at any time. Traveling via train offers an ideal strategy for seeing various towns or urban areas along the course. This is particularly beneficial for spontaneous travelers.
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Steam Trains

Steam engines have always fascinated me.  I think it is just so cool that a steam powered engine can move that much weight around.  Haven’t seen one before? Check out this video with some great clips of steam trains.